Posted by Abolition, 15th Jul 2005 | Category: Treaties and Parliaments News
The resolution of the Belgian House comes just prior to the 60th anniversary of the first Trinity nuclear test in the "Jornada del Muerto"-valley in New Mexico on July 16th 1945. Since that day 2.053 nuclear weapons were detonated, or on average 1 every 10 days since 1945. Three weeks after the successful nuclear blast in New Mexico the inhabitants of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were to suffer the first A-bomb attacks, making an estimated of 237.062 casualties. More information: http://www.motherearth.org/walk/tests.php
To increase pressure today the mayor of Hiroshima, Mr. Akiba Tadatoshi, calls people to participate between July 26th and August 9th in a For Mother Earth peace walk from Ypres to NATO headquarters in Brussels, and onwards to the U.S. nuclear weapon base in Kleine Brogel, in the north of Belgium. Also Belgian mayors are increasingly getting involved with the campaign of the Mayors for Peace, as almost half of Belgian mayors joined the global call for elimination of nuclear weapons by 2020. Mr. Akiba Tadatoshi, the mayor of Hiroshima states that "At a time when apathy and ignorance are common enemies, I applaud the walkers who are taking this action to expose the double standard of the Western states concerning weapons of mass-destruction. Of course, we cannot condone nuclear weapons in North-Korea, Iran or Iraq. But why should we tolerate nuclear weapons in Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Turkey or anywhere else?".
Pol D'Huyvetter, spokesperson for For Mother Earth, a member group of Friends of the Earth International declared: "This resolution is very good news for the many people who have participated in our disarmament campaign for many years. This resolution will help convince our government that they need to get rid of the NATO nuclear base at Kleine Brogel. This nuclear base is dark spot on the world map as the base has a capacity to store up to 20 US B61 nuclear bombs, each of which has a lethal power that exceeds the power of the Hiroshima bomb by up to 14 times. We need to ban these genocidal weapons as soon as possible with a global treaty. Unfortunately the U.S. is very strongly opposed to such a treaty. But even without the U.S. we'll move forward as we prove again today, and as we are doing for the International Criminal Court, the Land Mine Treaty or the Kyoto Protocol. One day they'll have to join the global call for a world free of nuclear weapons."
Text resolution in French and Dutch: http://www.dekamer.be/FLWB/pdf/51/1545/51K1545007.pdf
Translation of the operative part:
ASKS THE GOVERNMENT:
1. to make all efforts to assure the continued existence of the Non Proliferation Treaty and the strict implementation in all its aspects;
2. to make all efforts to ensure that, after the failure of the NPT Review Conference in May 2005, the NPT does not get weakened further but is revitalised by strengthening the verification procedures, the restoration of trust in the treaty and the adaption of the treaty to new challenges.
3. to make all efforts to strengthen the role of the IAEA in the surveillance and the elimination of the fissile material stocks, to accelerate the signing and ratification of the additional IAEA-protocol by all state members of the NPT, to help the development of a multinational system for the production, trade and reprocessing of fissile material for strictly civil aims, to support the proposal of the IAEA-director for a moratorium of 5 years on the building of installations for uranium enrichment or reprocessing of fissile material, to develop incentives to make countries abandon the development of a closed cycle for nuclear energy;
4. to make a policy plan for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation concerning her efforts in the diverse international fora;
5. to assure that non-proliferation initiatives also include a clear and irreversible component on disarmament;
6. to take concrete initiatives to assure efforts from the UN General Assembly to break the deadlock around the NPT, when in September 2005 170 state- and government leaders will discuss development, security and human rights
7. to assure the consideration inside NATO of practical steps towards nuclear disarmament, conform to the conclusions of the NPT Review Conference of 2000;
8. to propose initiatives in NATO concerning:
a. the review of strategic doctrines concerning nuclear weapons;
b. the gradual withdrawal of the American tactical nuclear weapons from Europe as fulfillment of Article VI of the NPT and taking the necessary diplomatic measures to start in the NATO-Russia Council negotiations on the reduction and the destruction of the American tactical nuclear weapons in Europe and the Russian tactical nuclear weapons and their security, and to strengthen on this point confidence and transparency measures between NATO and Russia;
c. the application of the irreversibility principle on the non-presence of nuclear weapons in the new NATO member states;
d. steps towards a nuclear weapon free zone, formed by all NNWS in Europe;
e. a transparency policy which goes farther than the existing practice;
9. inside the European Union:
a. to support and actively develop the policy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, by among other issues raising the issue of nuclear disarmament and the presence in Europe of weapons of mass destruction and by implementing as fast as possible the proposed measures concerning the trade in nuclear materials and possible means of delivery of nuclear weapons and the measures demanded by resolution 1540 of the Security Council;
b. to take initiatives to limit and exclude any role of nuclear weapons from the common security and defense policy;
10. to support initiatives concerning:
a. the strengthening and the ratification and implementing in the shortest delays of the CTBT;
b. the review of strategic doctrines;
c. the adoption of interim measures to prevent accidental firing of nuclear weapons;
d. verification, transparency and confidence building measures;
e. the formation of new Nuclear Weapon Free Zones;
f. including the negative security assurances in a judicially binding
g. the struggle against illegal trade of nuclear materials;
h. installing measures for international control on nuclear installations of countries which started the procedure to step out of the NPT;
11. to support and to take itself in other multilateral bodies initiatives aimed at non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament.